Pesticide Exposure Contributes to Preterm Births and Low Birth Weight

November 18, 2021 | A study published in Environmental Research by researchers at King George’s Medical University, India, finds exposure to xenobiotic substances like pesticides during pregnancy increases risks associated with preterm birth, including a rise in cesarean section (C-section) deliveries, a decrease in fetal body weight, and chronic illnesses. Birth and reproductive complications are increasingly common among individuals exposed to environmental toxicants, like pesticides. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports that the preterm birth rate is increasing annually. The study notes, “To the best of our knowledge, this was a pioneering study, and it may help to increase our knowledge with regard to xenobiotic exposure in biological systems and the need for stringent guidelines for agricultural use of pesticides.” [Dwivedi, Naina et al. Assessment of genotoxicity and oxidative stress in pregnant women contaminated to organochlorine pesticides and its correlation with pregnancy outcome. Environmental Research, 204 (Part B):112010, 2022]